Lung cancer and bronchogenic carcinoma slides for HA CMA and paramedic staffs nepal license and loksewa

What is lung cancer? 

Lung canceris one form of cancer that begins in lung cells. It is one of the most prevalent cancers and the main reason for cancer-related deaths globally. Lung cancer is also called bronnchogenic carcinoma. 

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and small cell lung cancer are the two main subtypes of lung cancer. (SCLC). Compared to SCLC, NSCLC is more prevalent and typically develops and spreads more slowly.

What causes lung cancer? Does smoking cause lung cancer?

Smoking is the leading risk factor for lung cancer, although other dangers include radon exposure, air pollution, and exposure to secondhand smoke.

What are the symptoms of lung cancer?

Initilaay the aptient may not be symptomatic.The patient may have constitutional symptoms like weight loss, loss of appetite, decreased energey and weakness. The llung cancer sumptoms include: coughing, chest pain, shortness of breath, and weight loss are all possible signs of lung cancer. The sputum may contain blood in it and cough remains for longer duration of time and is not cured even after treatment for other conditions. 

Diagnosis of lung cancer

After patient is suspected of lung cancer, the patient may be needed to be investigated for  it. The possible investigations may include complete blood counts, inflammatory markets, imaging studies like chest x ray, contrast or non contrast CT scan of chest, bronchoscopy. The other disgnostic tests include CT guided needle biopsy, PET or positron emission tomography, bone scan, sputum cytology, thoracocentesis, needle biopsy like FNAC or in some cases even thrascopy may also be needed. 
The supportive investigations to rle out the other causes include lunf  functions tesst, arterial bood gas ABG analysis, liver function tests etc.

Lung cancer

What is the treatment of lung canncer? 

Depending on the kind and stage of the cancer, a lung cancer patient may receive surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, or a combination of these treatments. Early detection through screening can enhance results and raise the likelihood of a successful outcome.

Prevention of lung cancer

Avoiding smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke is important for lung cancer prevention, as is limiting exposure to other risk factors including radon and air pollution.

lung cancer photo

Lung cancer x ray

Tags (please ignore): Health exams Exam preparation Medical exams Health test Study tips Health education Health knowledge Exam stress Health science Health information Exam strategies Health conditions Test anxiety Health promotion Exam resources Health resources Health research Exam techniques Health coaching Exam success PSC exam preparation Lok Sewa exam tips License exam study material Exam syllabus Exam pattern Previous year question papers Mock exams General knowledge for exams Exam eligibility criteria Exam registration Exam dates Exam centers Exam results Exam analysis Exam cutoff marks Exam books and guides Exam coaching Exam time management Exam revision techniques Exam success stories Public service commission exam Civil service exam preparation PSC exam syllabus PSC exam pattern PSC exam eligibility PSC exam registration PSC exam dates PSC exam centers PSC exam results PSC exam preparation tips Lok Sewa Aayog exam preparation Lok Sewa Aayog exam syllabus Lok Sewa Aayog exam pattern Lok Sewa Aayog exam eligibility Lok Sewa Aayog exam registration Lok Sewa Aayog exam dates Lok Sewa Aayog exam centers Lok Sewa Aayog exam results License exam preparation License exam syllabus License exam pattern License exam eligibility License exam registration License exam dates License exam centers License exam results License exam preparation tips General knowledge for PSC, Lok Sewa, and license exams Current affairs for exams Mental ability for exams

Post a Comment

* Please Don't Spam Here. All the Comments are Reviewed by Admin.