NHPC Model MCQs 2080 Answers

NHPC Model MCQs 2080 Question set-Answers

Here's the answer key along with explanations for each question:

NHPC Model MCQs 2080 Question set-Answers

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1. Answer: b) Pulsating pain

   Explanation: Tension headaches are typically characterized by bilateral tightness or pressure-like pain, mild to moderate intensity, and gradual onset. Pulsating pain is more commonly associated with migraine headaches.

2. Answer: b) Hypovolemic shock

   Explanation: Hypovolemic shock occurs when there is a significant loss of fluids, such as in cases of severe vomiting, diarrhea, or excessive sweating, leading to decreased blood volume and inadequate perfusion to body tissues.

3. Answer: b) Elevated mean corpuscular volume (MCV)

   Explanation: Iron deficiency anemia is characterized by microcytic (small cell size) and hypochromic (pale) red blood cells. An elevated MCV would suggest a different type of anemia, not iron deficiency.

4. Answer: c) Diuretics

   Explanation: Diuretics are considered first-line therapy for uncomplicated hypertension due to their effectiveness in reducing blood volume and lowering blood pressure.

5. Answer: c) Oculomotor nerve (CN III)

   Explanation: The oculomotor nerve controls the movement of most extraocular muscles, including the superior, inferior, and medial rectus muscles, as well as the inferior oblique muscle.

6. Answer: b) Amoxicillin

   Explanation: Group A Streptococcus is the most common cause of bacterial pharyngitis (strep throat). Amoxicillin is the first-line antibiotic of choice for treating streptococcal infections.

7. Answer: a) Tinnitus, vertigo, and hearing loss

   Explanation: Meniere's disease is characterized by episodes of vertigo, fluctuating sensorineural hearing loss, and tinnitus (ringing in the ears).

8. Answer: c) Dressing changes with sterile saline

   Explanation: For first-degree burns, which involve only the superficial layer of the skin, the standard treatment includes cooling the area with cold water and applying sterile, non-adhesive dressings with saline.

9. Answer: b) Myocardial infarction

   Explanation: The clinical presentation with sudden-onset chest pain, shortness of breath, and ST-segment elevation in ECG leads V2 to V4 is highly suggestive of a myocardial infarction (heart attack).

10. Answer: d) Ulnar deviation of the fingers

    Explanation: Ulnar deviation of the fingers is a characteristic finding in rheumatoid arthritis, an autoimmune disease that primarily affects the synovial joints, leading to joint deformities.

Remember that the explanations provided here are brief and may not cover all aspects of each topic. It's important to continue studying and referring to comprehensive resources to gain a deeper understanding of these topics for your licensing examination. Good luck with your preparations!

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