10 Diabetes MCQs for competitive exams

10 Diabetes MCQs for competitive exams

Diabetes is a chronic medical condition characterized by high levels of blood sugar (glucose). This occurs either because the body doesn't produce enough insulin (a hormone that regulates blood sugar) or because the cells don't respond properly to the insulin that is produced. Insulin is necessary for the body to effectively use glucose as a source of energy.

Here is list of top 10 MCQs in diabetes and its managements.
10 Diabetes MCQs for competitive exams

  1. The doctor is educating a patient with type II diabetes about medications that can be taken to control blood sugar levels. Which of the following medications is best to use as an example?
    1. Meperidine
    2. Metformin
    3. Methylprednisone
    4. Mannitol

  2. A 31-year-old patient with type 1 diabetes uses about 25 units of Humalog insulin in a typical day. Using the 500 Rule, the approximate insulin-to-carbohydrate ratio for this patient would be:
    1. 1:20
    2. 1:25
    3. 1:10
    4. 1:15

  3. The doctor is providing education to a client who is newly diagnosed with diabetes mellitus. Which of the following should the doctor emphasize on ? Select all that may apply.
    1. Cut toenails with rounded corners
    2. Don't walk barefoot
    3. Wear proper fitting shoes
    4. Inspect feet daily
    5. Use a heating pad to keep feet warm

  4. A nurse is working with a patient who has been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and who demonstrates poor blood glucose control. The nurse is providing information to the client about how best to prevent foot and lower the leg ulcers. Which information should the nurse include as part of the teaching? Select all that may apply.
    1. Elevate the legs at night while sleeping
    2. Apply compression stockings as ordered
    3. Restrict fluids during the day
    4. Administer prophylactic antibiotics
    5. Remain in bed with the head of the bed elevated

  5. A nurse is taking  care for a patient who has diabetes  mellitus and has developed hypoglycemia. Which vital signs would be most consistent with this condition?
    1. Low oxygen saturation
    2. Hypotension
    3. Tachycardia
    4. Hyperthermia

  6. Which of the following are the complications of diabetes mellitus? Select all that may apply.
    1. Insulin reaction
    2. Diabetic retinopathy
    3. Fibromyalgia
    4. Coronary artery disease
    5. Cerebrovascular disease


  7. A client has been newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Educating the patient information about signs or symptoms to monitor for acute uncontrolled blood glucose levels will include the following:
    1. Inability to concentrate
    2. Blurred vision
    3. Numbness in the feet
    4. Diaphoresis
    5. Confusion

  8. A diabetic client is hospitalized after developing problems with swallowing process. The client is unable to take anything orally and the doctor has ordered for placement of a nasogastric tube for feedings. The nurse notes that the client takes metformin for control of type 2 diabetes. Which intervention of the nurse would be correct in this situation?
    1. Contact the pharmacy to ask if there is another form of metformin to give through the tube
    2. Crush the metformin and administer it through the feeding tube
    3. Give the metformin floated in applesauce by mouth
    4. Hold the metformin until the provider makes rounds and ask for an insulin order

  9. A nurse is caring for a client with type 2 diabetes who has been prescribed an incretin mimetic drug for blood glucose control. Which drug is an example of an incretin mimetic class?
    1. Chlorpropamide (Diabinese)
    2. Metformin (Glucophage)
    3. Rosiglitazone (Avandia)
    4. Exenatide (Byetta)

  10. A nurse works in a busy healthcare unit of the hospital which includes care of clients with so  many different types of chronic illnesses including diabetes. Which of the following actions should the nurse try to  implement to help prevent the spread of infection among clients who have diabetes mellitus?
    1. Maintain tight control of client blood glucose levels
    2. Avoid touching items in the client rooms
    3. Set aside syringes that are only used for diabetic clients
    4. Cover all food trays with cling wrap before passing out meals


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